Category: News

   

Tatiana Ershova took part in the III International Moscow Academic Economic Forum

The forum, organized by the Free Economic Society of Russia, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the International Union of Economists, began its work on May 26, 2021. This year the Forum was dedicated to the theme “Global transformation of modern society and national development goals of Russia”.

The forum was opened by its co-chairs – President of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeyev and President of the Free Economic Society of Russia, President of the International Union of Economists Sergey Bodrunov.

Alexander Sergeyev noted that the Moscow Academic Economic Forum is dedicated to finding new opportunities for the development of the Russian economy and how to use them correctly.

“The COVID time had a significant impact on economic processes, some of the problems worsened, some, on the contrary, were resolved faster. In a sense, there was a breakdown from the trajectory of slow development and a transition to another, the characteristics of which we cannot yet clearly define. We are the architects of a new trajectory for economic development. Much will depend on new decisions being made in the economy. In the course of their formation, a wide range of professional opinions is in great demand,” said the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Sergey Bodrunov emphasized that the MAEF traditionally brings together experts and scientists from the regions of Russia and foreign countries. 3,000 experts joined the forum. The total number of participants is 7,500 people, including experts and scientists from 32 countries. The President of the VEO of Russia also said that 63 regional sites in 41 constituent entities of the Russian Federation operated within the framework of the forum from 17 to 25 May.

At the opening of the MAEF, the expansion of its architecture was announced. So, within the framework of the MAEF, the following annual industry and thematic forums will start working: the Arctic Academic Forum, the Eurasian Academic Economic Forum, the Agrarian Economic Forum, the Ural Economic Forum, the Energy Forum, the International Ufa Humanitarian Scientific Forum, the Historical and Philosophical Academic Forum, the Forum “Communications and development of modern society ”, International Tourism Forum. This will increase the forum’s expert potential, strengthen the consolidated position of the scientific and expert communities on issues of socio-economic development.

On the first day of the forum, the winners and laureates of the XXIV All-Russian competition of scientific works of youth “Economic Growth of Russia”, organized by the Free Economic Society of Russia with the participation and support of the International Union of Economists, the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Economic Newspaper. The young people were congratulated and presented with diplomas and mementos by the President of the VEO of Russia Sergey Bodrunov, the President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Sergeyev and the Vice-President of the VEO of Russia, the Minister for Integration and Macroeconomics of the Eurasian Economic Commission, Sergey Glazyev.

Then a plenary session (recording of a live broadcast) took place, at which a number of well-known Russian scientists and experts spoke.

On May 27, 2021, the MAEF-2021 plenary conferences (live recording) were held at the venues of the leading universities in Moscow:

  • Alternatives to the socio-economic development of Russian society (Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation)
  • Digital transformation of the economy: redesigning our future or evolution of standard models? (Plekhanov Russian University of Economics)
  • Global socio-economic transformations: the future of Russia “(V International Political and Economic Congress) (Moscow School of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University)
  • The new role of agriculture in the modern economy and the priorities of Russia’s agricultural policy (online format)
  • Digital transformation and artificial intelligence: is a machine uprising possible? – The view of generation Z (Moscow Aviation Institute).

The final plenary session and summing up of the results of the forum (recording of the live broadcast) were held in the congress hall of the Free Economic Society of Russia.

General director of the Institute of the Information Society Tatiana Ershova was invited to participate in the third international Moscow Academic Economic Forum. She attended the first plenary session, which took place on May 26, 2021 in the large conference hall of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and then watched the forum remotely.

More details about the forum are available on the MAEF website.

   

IIS co-hosted a discussion on data regulation and the development of anonymization methods

On May 25, a discussion day “Topical issues of data regulation and development of anonymization methods in Russia” was held. The event was organized by the Big Data Association (ADB) and the Alliance for Artificial Intelligence (AI Alliance) in partnership with the National Center for Digital Economy of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, the base organization for the NTI Competence Center for Big Data, and the Institute of the Information Society (IIS). The discussion day was attended by representatives of state authorities, business and academia. In particular, Yuri Hohlov, chairman of the IIS Board of directors, head of the Big Data Monitoring and Standardization Project at the NTI Competence Center for Big Data, made a presentation.

The main goal of the event was to provide an opportunity for participants to exchange expert opinions on the most important issues of data regulation in the Russian Federation and then identify areas for further discussion and possible steps to develop the most balanced approach to solving problems in this area, the organizers shared.

The event was attended by representatives of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the Ministry of Digital Development of the Russian Federation, the Federal Service for Supervision of Communications, Information Technology, and Mass Media (Roskomnadzor), ANO “Digital Economy”, the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, the Institute for Internet Research, the Russian Academy of Cryptography, the Institute of Digital Environment Law of the Higher School of Economics, member companies of the AI ​​Alliance ABD, as well as scientific and R&D oragnizations.

The discussion day was devoted to the current aspects of anonymization of personal data, which is the defining procedure for increasing the availability of data in order to develop AI technologies. During the event, experts discussed international experience and jurisprudence in the field of big data; international approaches to the regulation of data anonymization; security of AI systems and methods of depersonalization; possible models of depersonalization; international and national data standards; national policy of working with data in the Russian Federation, including existing problems, gaps, as well as prospects for the development of this area.

The discussion was moderated by Anna Serebryanikova, president of the ADB, and Andrei Neznamov, managing director and head of the AI ​​Regulation Center of Sberbank, head of the working group on regulation of the AI ​​Alliance.

The leitmotif of the discussion was the thesis that initiatives related to the use and regulation of anonymized data are primarily designed to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens. Anna Serebryanikova said: “The key value of anonymized data is that with its help it is possible to significantly increase the security of citizens and their personal data (by limiting the use of the second). That is why it is very important to discuss approaches and methods of anonymization at all levels and reach a consensus on the regulation of anonymization as soon as possible. Creation of a trusted environment and testing of methods of depersonalization within the framework of experimental legal regimes are also important conditions.”

Andrey Neznamov noted the importance of developing data regulation for AI technologies: “It is extremely important for Russia to find the most balanced approach to the development of data regulation, as it affects all new technologies, primarily artificial intelligence. It is necessary to ensure a high level of protection of the rights of citizens and at the same time create conditions for the secure use of data for the development of machine learning. The opportunity to find such a balance is created in a dialogue between all interested parties. This was the purpose of our event”.

Yuri Hohlov, chairman of the IIS Board of directors, project manager of the NTI Competence Center for Big Data at Moscow State University made the report “National policy of working with data in the Russian Federation. International and national standards in the field of data” (in Russian).

Sources: Alliance of AI, NTI Competence Center for Big Data at MSU.

   

Yuri Hohlov gave a comment for Vedomosti

On May 17, 2021, the Vedomosti newspaper in the Technologies section published an article by Valery Kodachigov “The Ministry of Digital Development Proposes to Create a Government Big Data Operator”. The author writes: “The government will provide big data accumulated by ministries and departments to commercial developers of artificial intelligence (AI). Such a proposal is contained in a preliminary version of the concept of access to government data sets, presented by the Ministry of Digital Development at a meeting of the working group of the ANO Digital Economy. A specialized agency will provide access to government big data – in the draft concept it is called the operator of government data sets. It will form data sets based on the requests of AI developers, carry out their anonymization and depersonalization, and will also ensure the creation and operation of infrastructure for access to government data sets. Also, the government operator will decide what data can be provided to a particular customer. For example, big data with varying degrees of secrecy will be shared with organizations accredited by specialized agencies (for example, the Federal Security Service), as it follows from the materials of the Ministry of Digital Development”.

The newspaper’s editors asked Yuri Hohlov, chairman of the Board of the Institute of the Information Society, for a comment on this publication. According to him, “there are several approaches to providing access to government data in the world: the United States adheres to decentralized access to such data, including by attracting non-government operators to ensure the functioning of government systems; in China, on the contrary, access is strictly centralized; in the EU it is also planned to develop the market, first of all, for industrial data by creating intermediary companies that will provide secure access, including to government big data. Russia needs to choose something from this or form its own national model for providing access to government data sets. One operator of government data sets in Russia is clearly not enough – he alone will not be able to guarantee the quality of data sets formed from the information systems of numerous departments. The quality of the data should be the responsibility of those authorities and local self-governments where this data is generated within the government functions or as a part of the provision of services”.

Source: Vedomosti

Illustration: Evgeny Razumny / Vedomosti

   

IIS congratulates all colleagues and friends on the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day!

Theme: “Accelerating Digital Transformation in challenging times​”​. ​​
World Telecommunication and Information Society Day ​(WTISD) has been celebrated annually every 17 May since 1969 to mark the founding of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865.

The COVID-19 crisis has not only highlighted the critical role of information and communication technologies for continued functioning of societies but has also brought to the fore the startling digital inequalities between and within countries.

ITU Members have stepped up and engaged in activities that have proven essential in saving lives and sustaining economies. They have demonstrated their remarkable resilience in the face of challenging times. At the same time, the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the urgency of accelerating digital transformation and advancing the goals and targets of the Connect 2030 Agenda to leave no one behind.

WTISD 2021 is an opportunity for all to continue to push for digital transformation by promoting national strategies on ICT development, smart policies to encourage investments, cooperation, and partnership. ITU invites you to actively participate in commemorating the theme of WTISD 2021, “Accelerating Digital Transformation in challenging times​”​, throughout the year with national, regional, and international initiatives to accelerate digital transformation as highlighted in the Call to Action​.​

The Institute of the Information Society congratulates all colleagues, partners and friends on the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day and wishes every success in our common endeavor!

   

Yuri Hohlov joined the working group of ANO “Digital Economy” on artificial intelligence

On May 13, 2021, in accordance with the Regulations on the Management System for the Implementation of the National Program “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation”, approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 234 of March 2, 2019, a new membership of the “Artificial Intelligence” working group of ANO “Digital Economy” was approved.

The working group is headed by Andrey Belevtsev, head of the directorate for digital transformation of Gazpromneft, and Alexey Sidoryuk, director for artificial intelligence, development director of ANO “Digital Economy”, became the deputy head of the working group.

The working group includes representatives of leading digital economy companies and centers of competence, representatives of state authorities and development institutions, as well as representatives of the expert community – a total of 40 people. Among them is Yuri Hohlov, chairman of the Board of directors of the Institute of the Information Society.

   

Tatiana Ershova, editor-in-chief of the Information Society journal interviewed Dean Lacheca, research director in Gartner’s CIO research and advisory group

On April 28, 2021, Tatiana Ershova, editor-in-chief of the Information Society journal, interviewed Dean Lacheca, research director in Gartner’s CIO research and advisory group. The interview was organized online with the help of Sayan Dorzhiev, business development director at Gartner (Moscow).

Dean Lacheca answered the following questions of Tatiana Ershova:

  1. One of your main roles is to support public sector CIOs and technology leaders, which means providing thought leadership around the transition to digital government. What does it mean for you? What does it mean to educate an ideal digital leader in government? What is in common and what is completely different in educating a digital vice prime-minister or vice minister and a CIO in a small municipality? Does the level of responsibility make any difference in the training framework, content and methodology?
  2. May I ask you to generally present the Gartner Essential Frameworks for Government? How can they be used? Who are the beneficiaries? Specifically, I would like to ask you about Gartner Digital Government Maturity Model proposed 5 years ago. Have Gartner’s approaches changed or developed since that?
  3. Your research includes, among other topics, also emerging technology trends. Which are these trends? I would be happy if our readers can learn about some cases of their adoption and impact on government.
  4. What are the top trends in Government for the nearest future?
  5. For my understanding, one of the most difficult things in digital transformation is building a data-driven culture in government. Our country is going this way pretty dynamically, but there is still a sufficient inertia, especially at the local level. What is your vision of solving this problem?

The interview will be published in one of the next issues of the Information Society magazine.

   

The second issue of the Information Society journal for 2021 is published

The full version of the 2nd issue for 2021, in which 8 articles were published, can be viewed on the journal’s website (in Russian, with English article titles, abstracts and keywords).

The articles are divided into the following thematic headings: “Fundamental research in the field of information society”, “Social and economic aspects of the information society”, “Digital economy”, “The human in the information society”, “Information society and state power”, “Information society and law “, “Foreign experience. International cooperation”.

Our Russian authors from Moscow, Kazan and St. Petersburg, as well as a Belarusian author from Vitebsk, investigate the philosophical, psychological, social, economic, legal problems of the development of the information society, as well as the problems of monitoring the use of digital technologies and the development of terminology in this area, present foreign experience and examples of international cooperation. Such a selection of articles makes the current issue one of the most thematically diverse in recent years.

Among the eleven authors of this issue there are two doctors and five candidates of sciences, one PhD applicant. But we also welcome valuable and interesting works of students, graduate students and specialists without a degree on the pages of our journal.

   

A new division has been created at IIS: Directorate of digital technologies development

The introduction of digitalization in all spheres of the country’s economic and social life requires the development of fundamentally new means of processing large amounts of data – geographically distributed, quickly updated and often presented in different formats and poorly structured. The task of the Directorate is to develop both new algorithmic approaches for the analysis, consolidation and verification of data, as well as their software and hardware implementations for very large distributed computer systems.

The Directorate was headed by doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor Alexander Bogdanov.

Within the framework of the new directorate, 3 divisions have been created:

1. Department of big data technologies development

This department was headed by doctor of technical sciences, professor Nadezhda Shchegoleva.

The main R&D areas are data consolidation to ensure a unified information space, classification of big data, formation of a big data ecosystem, monitoring and quality assurance of systems working with big data, calculation of data quality indicators in real time to improve the quality of data analytics and decision making.

2. Department of artificial intelligence technologies development

This department was headed by doctor of technical sciences, professor Alexander Degtyarev.

The department will work on the development of modern artificial intelligence and decision support methods as part of digital technologies.

3. Department of distributed ledger technologies development

This department was headed by doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor Alexei Uteshev.

The main tasks of the department are the development of methods for storing, updating and synchronizing information in distributed systems, the development of protocols for reaching consensus.

   

Yuri Hohlov took part in an expert discussion of the industries’ readiness to implement artificial intelligence technologies

On April 14, 2021, an expert discussion of the results of 2020 in the field of artificial intelligence and initiatives aimed at developing analytics in this area was held at the Analytical Center (AC) under the Government of the Russian Federation.

Alexey Sidoryuk, Director for Artificial Intelligence at ANO Digital Economy, spoke about the main events of last year and the first quarter of this year in the artificial intelligence area. He noted that in 2020 the National Strategy for the Development of AI until 2030, the Concept for the Development of AI and Robotics and the Federal Project “Artificial Intelligence” were approved. The registration of AI systems in healthcare was also simplified, the president issued instructions for the implementation of technology in industries, and an action plan for testing unmanned vehicles was approved. In early 2021, a government decree was issued on the allocation of 1.4 billion rubles to support startups in the field of artificial intelligence.

To implement the federal project, it was decided to create a Center of expertise, added Sergey Nakvasin, Deputy Head of the AC, head of the Center of expertise for the implementation of the federal project “Artificial Intelligence”. “We must provide support for various project activities, as well as implement several of our own structural initiatives. We plan to implement all this in a partnership model with already established market participants,” said the expert. One of the tasks of the center, he said, is to provide the government apparatus with comprehensive information about what is happening in the country with AI technologies and in the market as a whole.

The Center of expertise will monitor the current situation in the field of artificial intelligence and analyze the “fronts” of scientific and technological revolution to identify and visualize relevant scientific and technological “fronts” based on the analysis of large amounts of data using AI methods. “This serious work is needed to determine the technological priorities for the development of science and technology in Russia,” Nakvasin explained. Also, the staff of the center will identify problem areas for the development of artificial intelligence in our country. In addition, it is planned to create an AI.Navigator – a national online portal in the field of artificial intelligence, which will become a unified information space for the community, an aggregator of key events and messages on the topic of AI, and a tool for market development. Now the center is preparing a digest of events in the field of artificial intelligence in the world. The first copy has already been published (in Russian).

One of the key areas of the center’s work will be to determine the maturity index of companies in priority industries for the introduction of artificial intelligence. “Evaluation of companies in sectors of the economy by the level of provision with sufficient opportunities and resources to introduce artificial intelligence into their activities and use it to increase efficiency is the most important infrastructure project for us. This is a way to accelerate companies’ adoption of technology solutions,”added Nakvasin.

Maturity of companies will be assessed by 9 factors: the use of AI, effects for business, development of industry solutions, human resources and competencies, infrastructure and data, research, security, corporate governance, industry structure and regulation. Experts have already started calculating the AI maturity index of the industry and processed 230 anonymous questionnaires from enterprises.

The discussion participants were presented with the analytical report – Almanac “Artificial Intelligence” Index 2020, prepared by the Competence Center of the National Technological Initiative in the direction of “Artificial Intelligence” at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology. It contains an annual report summarizing the achievements of the year and publishing figures for the AI ​​industry in Russia.

The discussion was attended by the Chairman of the IIS Board of directors Yuri Hohlov. He noted that there are questions for a number of indicators mentioned in the report, and he emphasized one of them: only those government expenditures on the development of AI were counted that were made through development institutions, and they seem to be 2-3 times underestimated, because expenses were not taken into account for programs that go through the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. Also, funds for government assignments carried out in universities and academic institutes are not taken into account. In order for the figures to be correct, it is necessary to work with the Ministry of Education and Science, to conduct full-fledged surveys of scientific and educational organizations. There is no other way to get this information. Such surveys are necessary not only to monitor budget expenditures, but also to obtain values ​​for a number of other indicators. You also need to ask commercial companies how much they spend on the development and use of AI. Without this, it is impossible to get a reliable picture.

Source: Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation

   

Tatiana Ershova took part in the discussion of the new version of the portal of state services on the air of the radio “Govorit Moskva”

On April 2, 2021, at 16:00, the Information Channel program went on the air on the “Govorit Moskva” (Moscow Speaking) radio. The host of the program, Yuri Budkin, asked Tatiana Ershova, IIS general director and the chief editor of the scientific and analytical journal “Information Society”.

First question: Why do you think the new version was made? Previous services weren’t good enough?

T. Ershova assessed them as quite good, but the main task is to attract the entire population to the portal of public services, and it should be understandable to ordinary users. Everything should be clea to an ordinary person. Therefore, the idea of ​​the assistant – and in the new version it is the cute robot Max – is good and correct. While Max does not have a voice, he can only correspond with the user, suggest something, but in the near future he will have a voice and it will be possible to talk to him. It would be nice if Max was not intrusive. If he really helps, it will be great. The new portal has simpler logic in general, and that’s great. I myself am quite qualified and, I would say, advanced user, but I am very glad that everything is going along the path of simplification. The portal can be actively used by older people, people with disabilities, migrants and other categories of the population who may now have difficulties. There will also be versions in other languages.

Second question: Can we expect the expansion of the portal’s capabilities?

T. Ershova replied: “Certainly. I am a digital optimist, and I believe that everything will only develop. Already now you can see some improvements: as soon as you start writing something in the input line, prompt options immediately pop up. They may not always be accurate yet, but in most cases they are still very useful. The range of services will, of course, expand throughout life. The use of artificial intelligence and big data technologies opens up great opportunities here.”

Third question: Can we say that now the portal of public services works more or less without interruptions?

T. Ershova noticed that there are failures, and no one is ever insured against them. Therefore, they switch to the new version because the old one does not always withstand peak loads. The portal inside should be more complicated than it is now, but outside, on the contrary, it should be easier. This is exactly the slogan of the developers of the new version. If the government wants the portal to be used by everyone, then the hardware and software to support it must be very powerful and reliable so that it does not fall under heavy loads.

The fourth question: The promised traffic of 50-60 million users – is it really, as they say, quite enough?

According to T. Ershova, this is enough for now, but more is needed. After all, Russia is a civilized country and is moving very quickly along the path of digital development.

You can listen to the recording of the program by following the link https://govoritmoskva.ru/broadcasts/167/.