Author: Татьяна Ершова

   

The third issue of the Information Society journal for 2024 has been published

Please meet the third issue of the scientific and analytical journal “Information Society” for 2024. The main theme of the issue is Life in digital: what’s new.

Information war and changing the old world order
Remote investment entrepreneurship
Business models of enterprises in digital economy
Difference between traditional and digital protectionism
Intellectual migration in Azerbaijan
Legal regulation of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles
Media activity of military universities
Machine translation based on multi-agent neurocognitive architectures
ICT for proactive and anticipatory management
Interoperability of information systems

In her address to readers “Open science as a global public good,” the journal’s editor-in-chief Tatiana Ershova wrote:


“Russians have an openness of spirit,” wrote philosopher and sociologist Nikolai Berdyaev, the author of the original concept of the philosophy of freedom, in his collection “The Fate of Russia” (1914-1917). And this is truly so. This is why Russia immediately supported the 2021 UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science.

In the foreword to last year’s report “Open science outlook 1: status and trends around the world” Director-General of UNESCO Audrey Azoulay noted: “…… More than ever, we need science – science that is open and collaborative, and therefore effective. However, despite the potential of the open science model, it is far from widespread. We can and must go further. We must make scientific results, processes and methods accessible. We must democratize science. <…> We must bring about a cultural shift, to ensure that open science is no longer the exception, but the rule.”

Our editorial board and the Institute of the Information Society, where we have been working for 25 years, have always professed the principle of openness of scientific research. We publish articles in the journal completely free of charge for authors and, from 2020, also for readers. Since that time, we have been distributing our authors’ works under the terms of the open international license Creative Commons Attribution – NonCommercial – ShareAlike 4.0 International; CC BY-NC-SA 4.0. This means that you can freely share (exchange) – copy and distribute journal materials on any medium and in any format; adapt (create derivative materials) – remix, modify, and create new things based on this material. In this case, the following simple rules must be observed: indicate authorship, do not use the material for commercial purposes, and when creating a derivative material, distribute it under the terms of the same license.

Rossiyskaya Gazeta, citing analysis data from the Institute for Statistical Research and Economics of Knowledge at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, notes that Russia’s contribution to the global number of publications indexed in the Scopus database doubled from 2010 to 2019, which allowed Russia to move to 7th place in the global ranking. But in 2022, due to the worsening geopolitical situation, the participation of Russian scientists in a number of international scientific projects was suspended. The number of publications in indexed scientific publications has noticeably decreased, and Russia’s share in the global flow of publications has fallen to 3%. Thus, before our eyes, politicking is becoming the cause of the destruction of scientific ties and causing irreparable damage to world science, torpedoing the free exchange of scientific ideas.

According to the Director-General of UNESCO, for open science to realize its full potential, it must become global public good. However, until the desire for “hegemony”, which has given rise to harmful discrimination against Russia and other countries defending their sovereignty, is not stopped, open science will remain only a beautiful metaphor. And although we are currently going through difficult times, we remain confident that collaboration between scientists around the world will not only continue, but will soon flourish. In the meantime, we are guided by the principle “Do what you must, and come what may.”

   

Yuri Hohlov participated in a strategic foresight session on fundamental research in the field of artificial intelligence

In February, the President approved an updated national strategy for the development of artificial intelligence until 2030. Its implementation will make it possible to obtain an effect from the introduction of this technology of up to 11.2 trillion rubles for the country’s economy.

On May 30, 2024, a strategic foresight session on fundamental research in the field of artificial intelligence was held at the Coordination Center of the Government of the Russian Federation. The session was chaired by Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Dmitry Chernyshenko.

“Artificial intelligence is the driver of industries designed to ensure the development of the supply-side economy. At the same time, with the advent of large language models, we are increasingly focused on supporting basic science. In particular, we opened research centers in the field of AI and on their basis began to train scientists whom we will involve in adapting generative AI to the needs of industries,” noted D. Chernyshenko.

Now the task is to increase funding for fundamental and applied science in the field of AI to 5%, and for research to at least 15%. In addition, it is planned to select 6 research centers that will conduct applied research commissioned by industrial partners, as well as train scientific specialists.

Taking into account the results of the foresight, 11 areas of exploratory research were formed, including:

  • machine learning architectures and algorithms,
  • computing and data for AI,
  • fundamental and generative models,
  • human-AI interaction,
  • applied research for science, education and social sphere.

Based on the results of the event, the Ministry of Education and Science, together with the Russian Academy of Sciences, was instructed to work out a schedule for introducing all necessary changes to the state scientific and technological progress program. The Ministry of Economic Development will provide methodological support for these activities.

Yuri Hohlov, Chairman of IIS Board of Directors, took part in the strategic session in his capacity of a member of the expert council on advanced research in the field of AI and a foresight participant.

Source: Russian Government web site

   

IIS leader participated in the Days of Rosstandart at the forum exhibition “Russia”

On May 18, 2024, at the site of the International Exhibition and Forum “Russia”, a number of Rosstandart Days events were held for a wide range of visitors, covering the main areas of the agency’s activities. One of them was a discussion dedicated to ensuring trust in artificial intelligence.

Representatives of leading organizations in the field of development and testing AI systems took part in the discussion: Moscow Department of Information Technologies, Mendeleev All-Russian Research Institute of Metrology, Federal Center for Applied Development of Artificial Intelligence, Institute of the Information Society (IIS), Scientific Research Center “Okhrana”, etc. Representatives of Rosstandart and its subordinate organizations were also present: Institute of Standardization, as well as Academy of Standardization, Metrology and Certification. Participants discussed approaches to testing AI systems in industry, urban management, emissions control, and education.

The discussion was moderated by Sergey Garbuk, Director of Scientific Projects at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Chairman of the Russian Standardization Committee No. 164 “Artificial Intelligence” (TC 164).

The director of the branch of the Mendeleev Institute of Metrology Roman Rodin, head of the department of standardization in the industrial sectors of Rosstandart Vyacheslav Tutaev, head of the strategy department for the implementation of artificial intelligence in the city government of Moscow Department of Information Daria Sharova and others answered questions from visitors.

In particular, the Chairman of Subcommittee 02 “Data”, IIS Chairman Yuri Hohlov reviewed the international landscape of AI standardization, paying special attention to the harmonization of national standards developed within the framework of TC 164 with ISO standards.

Andrey Chukarin, Deputy General Director of the Federal Center for Applied Development of Artificial Intelligence, noted the activities of the TK 164 working group “Artificial intelligence in industry” and reviewed approaches to the development of national standards, the methodology for assessing AI solutions.

During the dialogue with the participants, the main question of the discussion was highlighted: what components form a person’s trust in artificial intelligence.

Sources: Rosstandart, TC 164

   

Our congratulations on World Telecommunication and Information Society Day!

May 17 is World Telecommunication and Information Society Day. The purpose of this celebration is to raise awareness of the opportunities that the use of the Internet and information and communication technologies can bring to countries, as well as ways to bridge the digital divide. This day marks the anniversary of the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention and the creation of the International Telecommunication Union.

Since 1969, World Telecommunication Day has been celebrated annually on 17 May to commemorate the founding of ITU and the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865. This day was established by the Plenipotentiary Conference held in Malaga-Torremolinos in 1973.

In November 2005, the World Summit on the Information Society called on the UN General Assembly to declare 17 May as World Information Society Day to highlight the importance of ICTs and focus on the wide range of information society-related issues raised at the summit. In March 2006, the General Assembly adopted resolution 60/252, which established that World Information Society Day should be celebrated annually on 17 May.

In November 2006, the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Antalya, Turkey, decided to celebrate both events on 17 May as World Telecommunication and Information Society Day. The updated resolution 60/252 invites Member States and sector members to commemorate the day annually through national programmes.

In 2024, World Telecommunication and Information Society Day is celebrated under the theme “Digital Innovation for Sustainable Development”.

   

Happy Great Victory Day!

Dear colleagues, partners, friends!

Congratulations to everyone on the anniversary of the great Victory over nazism. Let us preserve the memory of the feat of the multinational Soviet people over madness and nightmare. Let us remember with gratitude those who fought courageously on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War and those who helped in the rear. Let us honor the memory of those who died for our victory. Let us wish victory to our soldiers on the battlefields against neo-nazism!

Happy Victory Day!

   

Yuri Hohlov headed the expert council for the selection of educational programs for the implementation of the Artificial Intelligence project in 2024

The results of the selection of AI programs in 2024 have been summed up. As part of an open selection process for participation in the project in 2024, 78 applications from 40 providers were submitted. The applications were reviewed by an expert council headed by Yuri Hohlov, chairman of the Board of directors of the Institute of the Information Society.

Based on the results of an open selection of additional professional programs and organizations engaged in educational activities, 31 programs from 12 providers were allowed to participate in the project.

For more information, visit the University 2035 website.

   

The second issue of the Information Society journal for 2024 has been published

The second issue of the scientific and analytical journal “Information Society” for 2024 has been published.

The main theme of the issue is Digital social innovation.

Co-authorship of a scientist with artificial intelligence
Creation of artificial general intelligence
The importance of human capital under sanctions
Global digital currency in the digital economy
Strategies for speech behavior in the digital environment
Artificial Intelligence in educational systems
Archival heuristics in the information society
Information and psychological violence and criminal law
Promoting images of Russian parties on YouTube
Approaches to controlling a group of robots

In her address to readers “The heroism of scientists is our historical heritage,” the journal’s editor-in-chief Tatyana Ershova wrote:


The second issue of our journal is always published on the eve of Victory Day, and at this time a parade rehearsal is usually held. The power of our military equipment evokes pride, but no less admiration is generated by a reverent attitude towards the memory of the heroic past of our people. This is of particular value against the backdrop of attempts by the so-called collective West to rewrite history, to appropriate the merits of Soviet soldiers, to turn inside out the values ​​for which millions of fighters against Nazism died.

These days, one cannot help but remember the people of science who took up arms at the very beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Many employees of scientific institutions of the USSR applied to join the ranks of the people’s militia. Many of them died. Their memory is immortalized by a memorial plaque, which is located next to the building of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 2011, giving an interview to Gazeta.ru, front-line soldier, chairman of the Council of Veterans of the Great Patriotic War of the Russian Academy of Sciences, academician Evgeny Petrovich Chelyshev said: “For us, this plaque is a continuation of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier – the Tomb of the Unknown Scientist.”

The Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences came up with an excellent initiative in February 2024: the archives of the Victory Museum included biographies of almost 200 employees, teachers and students of the institute who, during the war years at the front or in the rear, brought Victory closer. Thus, a special section appeared in the national historical project “Faces of Victory”.

The national historical project “Faces of Victory” was launched on the initiative of the Victory Museum on December 3, 2019. Designed to store more than 150 million biographical materials, the project opened up the opportunity for everyone to perpetuate the memory of the contribution of their relatives – home front workers and front-line soldiers – to the defeat of Nazism and transfer family stories about them for eternal storage to the Victory Museum.

I would like to hope that the initiative of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences will be accepted by other scientific organizations throughout the country, and the chronicle of the heroism of our fellow scientists will be constantly updated.

The “Faces of Victory” project has a section “Scientific Regiment”, which I wrote about in the preface to the previous issue of the journal. It is dedicated to the contribution of scientists to the defeat of the enemy and clearly demonstrates that we have many people to be proud of: great scientists who made every effort to strengthen the military power of the country, achieved success in various fields, and also sacrificed their lives to protect the Motherland.

Purely civilian applications of artificial intelligence, which are the subject of a number of articles in this issue, can find application in the control of unmanned aircraft and autonomous uninhabited underwater systems, precision weapons, on-board equipment controls and even troops. This is how modern Russian researchers contribute to the fight against neo-Nazism. Taking this opportunity, I congratulate our authors and readers on the upcoming Victory Day and wish everyone good health, optimism and new productive ideas.


The full contents of the issue are available on the magazine’s digital platform.

   

Yuri Hohlov took part in a meeting of the State Council commission in the direction of “Communications, communications, digital economy”

On April 26, 2024, in the meeting room of the Regional Management Center in the Moscow Region, a meeting of the State Council commission in the direction of “Communications, Communications, Digital Economy” was chaired by Assistant to the President, Secretary of the State Council Igor Levitin and Governor of the Moscow Region Andrei Vorobyov.

The meeting was attended by the Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Maksut Shadayev, as well as deputy senior officials of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, representatives of federal and regional executive authorities, expert organizations, development and business institutions.

Igor Levitin, opening the meeting, indicated that proposals for new national projects should be formulated by the commission in accordance with the strategic objectives set by the President in the Address to the Federal Assembly. At the same time, the State Council commission in the direction of “Communications, communications, digital economy” will have to develop proposals for a new national project “Data Economy and Digital Transformation of the State.”

This national project is designed to ensure the achievement of one of the national development goals related to the digital transformation of state and municipal government, the economy and the social sphere.

Presentations were made by the Governor of the Moscow Region Andrei Vorobyov, the Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Maksut Shadayev, the Minister of the Moscow Government – Head of the Moscow Department of Information Technologies Eduard Lysenko.

The meeting participants got acquainted with the experience of the Moscow region in the implementation of the current national project “Digital Economy”, considered questions about the preparation of a new national project “Data Economy and Digital Transformation of the State” and the use of Moscow’s experience within its framework, the priorities and key challenges of the regions until 2030.

Following the discussion, Andrei Vorobyov noted that the commission will analyze and take into account all proposals coming from the regions, from business and scientific and expert organizations in the new national project.

The meeting was attended by IIS Chairman Yuri Hohlov. He recommended ensuring the consistency of national development goals in terms of digital transformation and the decomposition of relevant measurable indicators for achieving set goals at the federal, regional and municipal levels with regular monitoring of control values ​​in the national project and in the updated strategies for digital transformation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

   

New book Photonic AI by Alexandr Raikov

Member of the IIS Supervisory Board Professor Alexandr Raikov published a new book on photonic Artificial Intelligence.

This book addresses an attempt to create Photonic Artificial Intelligence (PAI) system based on optical technologies, which process signals continuously. PAI could help to overcome digital computer limits and almost zero out the machine learning time and AI inference. It helps to consider feelings, the chaos of thoughts, cognitive activity, and the transcendental states of the human mind in AI systems. The book also discusses new problems such as synthesizing new photonic materials, creating optical control systems, and connecting PAI systems with outside digital computers and holographic memory. The book is aimed at a wide range of readers, including postgraduates and researchers, interested in advanced AI by creating its new paradigm, which can help to overcome traps of traditional AI development.

Source: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-981-97-1291-5

   

IIS leader spoke at the Malyshev Readings

On March 28-29, 2024, the twentieth anniversary international congress “XX Malyshev Readings: Education, Technology and Society at the Change of Eras” was held at the President Hotel. Malyshev Readings are the main scientific event of the Witte Moscow University (MUIV).

The Congress was dedicated to the transformation of science and society, the current situation in achieving sustainable development goals and developing solutions to achieve sustainable development goals in the Russian Federation.

Scientific and pedagogical workers, heads of Russian and foreign universities, representatives of the technology and education industry, international, public and other organizations, educational platforms and corporate universities, as well as representatives of young science and government authorities were among participants of the congress.

On March 28, the congress was opened by:

  • Alexander Semenov, rector of MUIV
  • Rostislav Razumchik, deputy director for research, Federal Research Center “Informatics and Control” of RAS

The plenary session was devoted to the topic “Education in the era of transformation: Modern challenges and possible solutions.” It was moderated by Andrey Belotserkovsky, vice-rector of the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, and Marina Tsurkan, professor of the Department of public administration of Tver State University.

The following speakers made their presentations at the plenary session:

  • Marina Borovskaya, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, President of the Southern Federal University
  • Mikhail Gordin, rector of Bauman Moscow State Technical University
  • Evgeniy Ivashkevich, rector of the Central University
  • Oksana Kosachenko, Chief investment director, Sistema PJSFC
  • Yuri Hohlov, Chairman of the Board of directors, Institute of the Information Society, full member of the Russian Academy of Engineering
  • Alexey Semenov, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, full member of the Russian Academy of Education, head of the Department of mathematical logic and theory of algorithms of the Faculty of mechanics and mathematics of Moscow State University; director of Berg Institute of Cybernetics and Educational Informatics, Federal Research Center “Informatics and Control” of RAS
  • Vladimir Zernov, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, rector of the Russian New University, chairman of the board of the Association of Private Educational Organizations of Higher Education and Professional Educational Organizations of Russia
  • Barasbi Karamurzov, full member of the Russian Academy of Education, advisor to the President of the Russian Union of Rectors
  • Olga Oleynikova, leading analyst of the Center for the development of higher education and secondary vocational education of the Russian Academy of Education, director of the Center for the study of problems of vocational education
  • Igor Surat, president of the Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis

Next, an extended joint meeting of members of the Sustainable Development Consortium and the Moscow Club for Sustainable Development took place.

On March 29, meetings of scientific tracks were held:

  1. New educational paradigm in the context of economic transformation
  2. Information technology and digitalization of education
  3. Sustainable development in Russia: the state of the legal field and legal practice
  4. Managing sustainable development of the Russian Federation in the context of global challenges and threats to economic security
  5. Views of young scientists on the problems of sustainable development

Source: MUIV website