Author: Татьяна Ершова


New book Photonic AI by Alexandr Raikov

Member of the IIS Supervisory Board Professor Alexandr Raikov published a new book on photonic Artificial Intelligence.

This book addresses an attempt to create Photonic Artificial Intelligence (PAI) system based on optical technologies, which process signals continuously. PAI could help to overcome digital computer limits and almost zero out the machine learning time and AI inference. It helps to consider feelings, the chaos of thoughts, cognitive activity, and the transcendental states of the human mind in AI systems. The book also discusses new problems such as synthesizing new photonic materials, creating optical control systems, and connecting PAI systems with outside digital computers and holographic memory. The book is aimed at a wide range of readers, including postgraduates and researchers, interested in advanced AI by creating its new paradigm, which can help to overcome traps of traditional AI development.



IIS leader spoke at the Malyshev Readings

On March 28-29, 2024, the twentieth anniversary international congress “XX Malyshev Readings: Education, Technology and Society at the Change of Eras” was held at the President Hotel. Malyshev Readings are the main scientific event of the Witte Moscow University (MUIV).

The Congress was dedicated to the transformation of science and society, the current situation in achieving sustainable development goals and developing solutions to achieve sustainable development goals in the Russian Federation.

Scientific and pedagogical workers, heads of Russian and foreign universities, representatives of the technology and education industry, international, public and other organizations, educational platforms and corporate universities, as well as representatives of young science and government authorities were among participants of the congress.

On March 28, the congress was opened by:

  • Alexander Semenov, rector of MUIV
  • Rostislav Razumchik, deputy director for research, Federal Research Center “Informatics and Control” of RAS

The plenary session was devoted to the topic “Education in the era of transformation: Modern challenges and possible solutions.” It was moderated by Andrey Belotserkovsky, vice-rector of the Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, and Marina Tsurkan, professor of the Department of public administration of Tver State University.

The following speakers made their presentations at the plenary session:

  • Marina Borovskaya, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, President of the Southern Federal University
  • Mikhail Gordin, rector of Bauman Moscow State Technical University
  • Evgeniy Ivashkevich, rector of the Central University
  • Oksana Kosachenko, Chief investment director, Sistema PJSFC
  • Yuri Hohlov, Chairman of the Board of directors, Institute of the Information Society, full member of the Russian Academy of Engineering
  • Alexey Semenov, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, full member of the Russian Academy of Education, head of the Department of mathematical logic and theory of algorithms of the Faculty of mechanics and mathematics of Moscow State University; director of Berg Institute of Cybernetics and Educational Informatics, Federal Research Center “Informatics and Control” of RAS
  • Vladimir Zernov, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, rector of the Russian New University, chairman of the board of the Association of Private Educational Organizations of Higher Education and Professional Educational Organizations of Russia
  • Barasbi Karamurzov, full member of the Russian Academy of Education, advisor to the President of the Russian Union of Rectors
  • Olga Oleynikova, leading analyst of the Center for the development of higher education and secondary vocational education of the Russian Academy of Education, director of the Center for the study of problems of vocational education
  • Igor Surat, president of the Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis

Next, an extended joint meeting of members of the Sustainable Development Consortium and the Moscow Club for Sustainable Development took place.

On March 29, meetings of scientific tracks were held:

  1. New educational paradigm in the context of economic transformation
  2. Information technology and digitalization of education
  3. Sustainable development in Russia: the state of the legal field and legal practice
  4. Managing sustainable development of the Russian Federation in the context of global challenges and threats to economic security
  5. Views of young scientists on the problems of sustainable development

Source: MUIV website


Yuri Hohlov spoke at the VI International Scientific Forum “Step into the Future: Artificial Intelligence and Digital Economy”

March 21, 2024, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics hosted the VI International Scientific Forum “Step into the Future: Artificial Intelligence and Digital Economy”. The topic of the forum was “Personnel for the Data Economy”.

The program of this large-scale forum included the following events:

Plenary session

Pitch session of the international business club

Discussion sessions:

  • Artificial Intelligence as a Driver of the Data Economy
  • Artificial intelligence technologies in strategic analysis and forecasting
  • Artificial intelligence technologies in strategic analysis and forecasting
  • Personnel sovereignty in the IT sector
  • The transition from digital transformation to the data economy: results and prospects
  • The influence of artificial intelligence technologies on personnel policy in the Russian economy
  • Legal regulation of intellectual property in the context of the digital economy and the development of artificial intelligence: problems and prospects
  • Digital industrial revolution: new materials, technologies, platforms
  • Artificial intelligence technologies in strategic analysis and forecasting
  • Quantum Potential
  • Modern technologies in the media sphere and education: risks and prospects
  • The role of digital assets in the transformation of the global financial system
  • Artificial intelligence, cyber technologies and technoplatforms of digital ecosystems
  • Corporate communications ecosystems in the data economy

Youth session of scientific and practical projects “Innovative projects and promising developments”

Academic session “Science in the Data Economy”

Round tables:

  • Political and socio-psychological processes in the context of the emergence of the data economy
  • Business ecosystems: new personnel for new economic models

Panel discussion “Metaverses and artificial intelligence in creative industries”

Events with the participation of representatives of Russian and foreign branches of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

Round tables:

  • Digital industry. Trends in digital transformation and integration of the national economy into global processes (Tashkent branch)
  • Development of the tourism industry of Mongolia in the context of the implementation of the national program “Mongolia Digital Nation (Ulaanbaatar Branch)
  • Experience of interaction between education, business and government on issues of digital transformation (Tula branch)
  • Artificial intelligence: end-to-end technologies in the regional economic sectors (Perm branch)
  • Digital solutions for regional development (Krasnodar branch)
  • Management of the 21st century: new principles using artificial intelligence technologies (Yerevan branch)
  • Data economy: key trends and approaches to regional development (Ivanovo branch)
  • Environmental contribution to sustainable development of territories: integration and analysis of big data (Sevastopol branch)
  • Digital economy: cloud technologies and data storage (regional experience) (Volgograd branch)
  • Data economy: current challenges and opportunities for society (Smolensk branch)
  • Priorities for digital transformation of the regional economic system: new challenges and prospects for investment development of the Voronezh region (Voronezh branch)

Scientific and practical round table “Conditions and factors determining the success of territorial development” (Pyatigorsk branch)

Discussion sessions:

  • Transformation of the traditional labor market. Digital (platform) employment: trends, opportunities, risks (Orenburg branch)
  • Digital future: society, university and business at the crossroads of technology (Bryansk branch)
  • Discussion session of young scientists, students and graduate students “Digital ecosystem – the basis for the development of the digital economy and post-industrial society” (Minsk branch)

At the discussion session “Artificial Intelligence as a Driver of the Data Economy” the following topics were discussed:

  • Current and prospective contribution of artificial intelligence technologies to the GDP of the Russian Federation
  • Standardization and licensing of artificial intelligence technologies
  • Information security and data protection in the era of intelligent big data analysis technologies
  • Financial literacy of the population and the security of financial institutions in the context of massive automated cyber attacks on organizations and data warehouses
  • Digital transformation of secondary, higher and vocational education based on artificial intelligence technologies

The moderator of the session was Timur Mradovich Sadykov, Head of the Educational and Scientific Laboratory of Artificial Intelligence, Neurotechnology and Business Analytics, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

The invited speakers:

  • Nikita Sergeevich Yakunov, Deputy Director of the Department of Strategic Development and Innovation, Ministry of Economic Development of Russia
  • Mikhail Sergeevich Skvirsky, Managing Director, Head, Data Research Center for Government Agencies, Sberbank PJSC
  • Evgeny Valentinovich Osadchuk, Deputy Director for Federal projects in the direction of “Digital Transformation of Industries”, Autonomous Non-profit Organization “Digital Economy”
  • Yuri Evgenyevich Hohlov, Chairman of the Board, Institute of the Information Society
  • Gorobets Andrey Valerievich, Director of the Department of Digital Transformation and Big Data, Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation
  • Oshakbaev Rakhim Sakenovich, Director of the Talap Center for Applied Research, Republic of Kazakhstan

NCRII published the AI Readiness Index prepared with the participation of IIS experts

The annual analytical report “Index of Readiness of Priority Sectors of the Economy of the Russian Federation for the Implementation of Artificial Intelligence” contains a systematic assessment of the level of readiness of the Russian Federation for the implementation of artificial intelligence in certain areas of activity. The areas of use of artificial intelligence technologies in 18 priority sectors of the economy and sectors of the social sphere have been studied. Much attention is paid to non-digital factors (public policy, regulation, personnel, research and development, trust and security) and digital foundations (infrastructure, data) that influence the level of use of artificial intelligence in organizations working in priority areas. Assessments of the effects of AI technologies is also given.

In the 2023 survey, conducted by the National Center for the Development of Artificial Intelligence under the Government of the Russian Federation (NCRII) together with JSC All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion with the support of more than 14 federal authorities, including the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, 4,120 organizations from priority areas of activity took part . Employees and experts from the Intelligent Analytics company and the Institute of the Information Society took part in the analysis and processing of data.

Regular use of the AI Index allows not only to monitor the effectiveness of the use of AI technologies in various fields of activity and assess the favorable conditions available for this, but also to manage changes to achieve the goals of the National AI Development Strategy.

The framework and methodology for calculating the AI Index, developed in 2021, includes three areas:

1) the current level of use of AI in priority areas of activity;
2) effects from the use of AI;
3) factors (conditions) influencing the use and impact of AI.

In the reporting year 2023, the conceptual approach remained unchanged; only the composition of the indicators characterizing each of the areas of the AI Index was consistently clarified. These changes mainly affected indicators related to factors such as strategic planning and regulation, management of the development and use of AI, personnel and competencies, research and development, infrastructure and data, trust and security.

The AI index in 2023 is calculated for 18 priority areas of activity: agro-industrial and fishery complex, higher education, healthcare, ICT sector, media and mass media, science, manufacturing industry, education (general, secondary and secondary vocational), development of the urban environment, social sphere, construction, trade, fuel and energy complex, transport industry, tourism, physical education and sports, financial services, ecology and environmental management.

Source: National portal “Artificial Intelligence of the Russian Federation”


Yuri Hohlov spoke at the plenary session of the International IT&MM Conference

On March 15-16 2024, the Plekhanov Russian Economic University hosted the XIII International Scientific and Practical Conference named after Anatoly Ivanovich Kitov “Information technologies and mathematical methods in economics and management” (IT&MM). Its participants – leading scientists, full members of the Russian Academy of Sciences and experts in the field of artificial intelligence – discussed the creation and use of information technologies in management, education and economics.

The IT&MM conferences are dedicated to the memory of the outstanding scientist, the founder of a number of scientific directions in the field of computer science, Anatoly Kitov, who worked at Plekhanov University for 17 years and wrote the country’s first textbook on programming and computers. The project he proposed to Nikita Khrushchev to create a Unified State Network of Computer Centers in the USSR became the prototype of the Internet.

The conference has been held for many years in a row, and once again REU acted as its platform. Traditionally, it raises important issues of the information society, artificial intelligence and their impact on socio-economic development.

The following speakers made their presentations at the plenary session:

1. Igor Sokolov – academician, scientific director of the Federal Research Center “Computer Science and Management” of the Russian Academy of Sciences, dean of the Computer Science Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University
Artificial Intelligence and Data Analysis

2. Arutyun Avetisyan – academician, director of ISP RAS
Trusted Artificial Intelligence: Challenges and Opportunities

3. Alexander Gurdus – Doctor of Economics, Candidate of Technical Sciences, chief specialist of the “Computer Science and Management” of the Russian Academy of Sciences,; Alexander Pastukhov – general director of JSC RTO; Andrey Chesnokov – expert
On some features of the digital metaspace of a polycentric world

4. Yuri Hohlov – Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, full member of the Russian Engineering Academy, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Institute of the Information Society, Chairman of the Editorial Board of the Information Society journal
Data Standards for Artificial Intelligence: The Artificial Intelligence Standardization Landscape

5. Vladimir Koren’kov – Doctor of Technical Sciences, scientific director of Meshcheryakov Laboratory of Information Technologies, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Dubna)
Methods and technologies for data processing in heterogeneous computing environments

6. Anatoly Kozyrev – Doctor of Economics, editor-in-chief of the Digital Economy journal
Generative networks and copyright

7. Irina Ilyina – Doctor of Economics, Director of the Russian Research Institute of Economics, Politics and Law in the Scientific and Technical Sphere
Digital platforms in science management

The conference also featured several thematic sections:

Section 1. Mathematical methods for analyzing economic information and managing socio-economic processes

Section 2. Concepts and technologies of the digital economy

Section 3. Digital education. information and communication technologies in economics and education

Section 4. History of the creation of information technologies and their use in management and economics

Section 5. Engineering of enterprises based on modern information and communication technologies

Section 6. Student scientific initiatives

Based on the results of the conference, it is planned to publish participants’ articles in the collection of scientific papers “IT&MM -2024” and in the collection of student works.

Source: official website of the Plekhanov Russian Economic University


The Intellectual Maturity Index was presented at the AI Day in Russia event

At the panel discussion “Limits to the depth and efficiency of AI development in industries and regions” of the event “AI Day in Russia”, which took place on March 13, 2024, the director of the National Center for AI Development under the Government of the Russian Federation (NCRII) Sergey Nakvasin presented the Index of Intellectual Maturity of Economic Sectors, Sectors of the Social Sphere and the Public Administration System of the Russian Federation. He emphasized that “this is the world’s largest study assessing the level of adoption of AI technologies in industries and the social sphere.”

The 2023 Intellectual Maturity Index was prepared in the course of a study conducted by NCRII and other interested parties in order to fulfill the order of the President of the Russian Federation following the results of the conference “Journey to the World of Artificial Intelligence – 2022” No. Pr-172, paragraph 1d)-2 to ensure, starting in 2023, monitoring the results of the use of artificial intelligence technologies in order to assess the level of implementation of these technologies in sectors of the economy and social sphere, as well as the effectiveness of the activities of government bodies and local governments to ensure the implementation of such technologies.

The study is based on a comprehensive assessment of the current level of development, use and impact of AI on socio-economic development, as well as the factors that influence these processes.

In 2023, as part of the joint work of the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the Ministry of Digital Development of Russia, NCRII, the Competence Center of the federal project “Artificial Intelligence” (PJSC Sberbank), ANO “Expert Coordination Center of the Commissions of the State Council of the Russian Federation”, ANO “Digital Economy”, Institute of the Information Society and other organizations, a concept for the formation of the Intellectual Maturity Index has been prepared. The study itself involved 4,000 industry organizations, 55 federal authorities, 1,000 regional authorities, and 300 municipal authorities. You can read more about the Index and download its text (in Russian) on the website of the resource “Artificial Intelligence of the Russian Federation”.


Introducing the first issue of the Information Society journal for 2024

The first issue of the scientific and analytical journal “Information Society” for 2024 has been published.

The main theme of the issue is Security in the digital world.

Information support for demographic security
Students in online communities
Graphic images to convey emotions
Development of intelligent electronics projects
Digital skills for Industry 4.0
Developer’s responsibility for software quality
Protection against the risks of social engineering attacks
Media framing of the Kaliningrad region
Assessing the effectiveness of scientific research
Agro 4.0 in Colombia

In her address to readers “Scientists who brought Victory closer,” the journal’s editor-in-chief Tatiana Ershova wrote:

The first issue of our journal is traditionally published at the end of February, shortly after Defender of the Fatherland Day, one of the favorite Russian holidays. In the title of my address to readers, I took a phrase from an article on the Nauka.rf portal, dedicated to the contribution of Soviet scientists to the victory in the Great Patriotic War. Since 2021, the Russian Ministry of Education and Science has been holding the All-Russian action “Scientific Regiment”. During this time, hundreds of materials were published dedicated to those “who changed their white coats for a soldier’s overcoat, put aside microscopes until better times and went where the Fatherland needed them.”

Immediately after the start of the war, the country’s leadership set the task of revising the topics and methods of research work and redirecting resources to areas of primary importance. It was decided to move 76 institutes to the East, the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences moved to Kazan (Tatarstan). Many scientists and professors voluntarily went to the front to fight on the front lines, and those who remained in the rear devoted all their energy and time to the development of the technological power of the Soviet Union.

Thanks to people of science, new technologies needed by the front and rear were created in record time. Here are some examples: Boris Bezhanov, one of the founders of pneumatic automation; Boris Vasiliev, who synthesized new fuel for armored vehicles and tanks based on perfume raw materials to replace gasoline, which was in short supply at that time; employees and students of the Moscow Polytechnic University, who created materials for field military printing houses, technologies for optical instruments of military equipment; scientists of the Moscow Automechanical Institute, who were involved in the selection of substitutes for German fuels and oils for captured vehicles and the conversion of gasoline vehicles into gas generators and those running on wood fuel. During the war years, the need for the production of liquid oxygen from air sharply increased, and the outstanding physicist Pyotr Kapitsa solved this problem: in 1942 he developed a turbo-oxygen plant, which was put into operation in 1943.

The founder of the modern scientific oncology school, Nikolai Blokhin, performed more than 4,600 reconstructive operations during the war years. Organic chemist Isaac Postovsky and other employees of the Sverdlovsk Chemical Pharmaceutical Plant established the industrial production of sulfa drugs necessary for the treatment of purulent wounds and tuberculosis. During the siege of Leningrad, the State Institute of Applied Chemistry organized the production of medicines for soldiers, and chemists at the Forestry Academy produced a paste for the treatment of burns, frostbite, and gunshot wounds.

The list of outstanding achievements of Soviet scientists during the war years is enormous, it is impossible to count them all. After the war, the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Sergei Vavilov, noted that one of the many miscalculations that led to the failure of the fascist campaign against the USSR was the Nazis’ underestimation of Soviet science.

The editors cordially congratulate on Defender of the Fatherland Day all researchers and university teachers involved in strengthening the defense capability of our country. Today this is no less relevant than during the Great Patriotic War.

The full contents of the issue are available on the journal’s digital platform.


Institute of the Information Society congratulates all with the upcoming year 2024

Dear colleagues, partners, and friends!

The IIS team congratulates you on the upcoming year 2024 and wishes you new successes, new hopes and achievements in the new year.

We wish you all strong health, personal happiness and optimism!

Happy holiday and fruitful vacations!


The sixth issue of the journal “Information Society” for 2023 has been published

The main theme of the release is “Digital technologies for a crisis-free world”. It is revealed in 12 articles devoted to the following:

Development of digital humanities
Communications to reduce conflict potential
Trust as an institution of the digital economy
Neural networks for public safety
Human capital for the creative economy
Digitalization of municipalities
Digital temporary employment platforms
Project-based learning in robotics
Digital technologies for waste management

In her address to readers, the editor-in-chief of the magazine Tatiana Ershova wrote:

Traditionally, in the last issue of the outgoing year, we analyze the results of editorial activities. In total, 82 articles were published in 2023, which was an absolute record for all 34 years of the existence of the journal. The authors proposed works in a variety of research areas, and, despite all the rigor of the evaluation (the editors rejected 31% of the articles received), almost all thematic sections were filled.

The largest number of works was contained in the “Digital Economy” rubric (9), followed by “Information Society and Law” (8). Seven articles each were located in the headings “Information Society and State Power”, “Education in the Information Society” and “Information Society Technologies”, six each in the headings “The Human in the Information Society”, “Measuring the Information Society”, “Information Society and Mass Media”, five each in the headings “Information Society: Policy and Drivers” and “Social and Economic Aspects of the Information Society”. Headings “Fundamental Research in the field of Information Society”, “Science and Innovation in the Information Society”, “Trust and Security in the Information Society”, “Foreign Experience. International Cooperation” included three articles each this year, while the headings “Healthcare in the Information Society” and “Culture in the Information Society” included only two each. Unfortunately, the sections “Leaders of the Information Society” and “Sports and Tourism in the Information Society” were left without content, and this, unfortunately, is a fairly typical situation.

The number of our authors was 143, and this is also an unprecedented figure. Most of them naturally represented Russia, and the geographical coverage was also wider than ever: 25 regions! There were 69 Muscovites among our authors, 11 researchers from Tyumen, seven from Nalchik, six from Simferopol; from Perm, Samara and St. Petersburg – five each; from Vladivostok, Volgograd and Kursk – four each; from Veliky Novgorod, Yekaterinburg and Saransk – three each; from Abakan, Astrakhan, Yoshkar-Ola, Kazan and Ufa – two each; From Balashikha, Voronezh, Kaliningrad, Magnitogorsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Omsk and Tomsk – one each. Two authors represented Azerbaijan and one was from the People’s Republic of China.

Among the authors of 2023 there were full members of the Russian Academy of Education, Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and Russian Academy of Engineering (one each), 40 doctors of science, 71 candidates of science, 16 specialists without an academic degree, five applicants (including graduate students and adjuncts), as well as three masters and eight students. The academic title of professor is held by 25 authors of articles of this year, and associate professor by 45. It should be especially noted that among the authors of the works there were seven members of the Editorial Board.
We have something to be proud of and, of course, we have something to work on. On the eve of the New Year, on behalf of the entire editorial board, I traditionally want to thank our authors, reviewers and readers for their cooperation and interest in our journal and wish everyone good health, prosperity and success.

The contents of the issue (in Russian) are available on the journal’s digital platform.


Yuri Hohlov participated in the discussion of proposals for tax incentives for developers of AI technologies

On December 12, 2023, the “E+AI” conference was held at the ANO “Digital Economy” site, dedicated to discussing government support measures and benefits available to developers of AI technologies and organizations interested in implementing such technologies in their activities.

Experts from ANO “Digital Economy”, the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia, the Federal Tax Service of Russia, the Skolkovo Foundation, the Innovation Assistance Fund and other organizations, including the Institute of the Information Society (IIS), held a discussion about the implemented government support measures and benefits for developers and organizations in field of artificial intelligence. The event was moderated by Alexey Sidoryuk, director of the Digital Transformation of Industries direction of the ANO “Digital Economy”.

Nikita Yakunov, Head of the Department of Strategic Development and Innovation of the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, presented a system of measures to support the development of artificial intelligence technologies in Russia within the framework of the federal project “Artificial Intelligence”.

Dmitry Trunov, Deputy Director of the Digital Economy project office of the Skolkovo Foundation, spoke about measures of state support for customers of artificial intelligence technologies. In his speech, he reviewed the key criteria for evaluating pilot projects.

The report of the Innovation Promotion Fund was dedicated to grant support for AI specialists and startups. Head of the Department of National Projects and State Programs of the Innovation Promotion Foundation Tatyana Soyuznova spoke about the Foundation’s grant instruments, which were implemented in 2023 and are planned for 2024.

Marina Bakcheeva, head of the Department of Taxation of Legal Entities of the Federal Tax Service of Russia, spoke about the tax measures taken by the government to support the development and implementation of domestic artificial intelligence technologies. В докладе акцентировано внимание на том, что с 2023 года организации получили право в целях налогообложения прибыли учитывать в повышенном размере расходы на создание и приобретение отечественных ПО (БД) и оборудования, относящихся к сфере ИИ. The report focuses on the fact that since 2023, organizations have the right to take into account the costs of creating and purchasing domestic software (DB) and equipment related to the field of AIat an increased rate of 1.5 for tax purposes.

Alexander Sergeev, General Director of the Federal Center for Applied Development of Artificial Intelligence, spoke about support measures for the development of hardware and software systems.

Further work proceeded in groups to develop proposals:

Group 1 – Proposals for support measures for the Skolkovo Foundation
Group 2 – Proposals for support measures for the Innovation Promotion Fund
Group 3 – Proposals for tax incentives of the Federal Tax Service of Russia

The Chairman of the IIS Board of Directors Yuri Hohlov worked in Group 3.

The meeting participants discussed existing measures and benefits for developers of AI technologies and proposed amendments and new measures that would improve the process of providing benefits to specialists and organizations.

As a result of the meeting, proposals were formed that will be submitted to the Russian Ministry of Economic Development, development institutions, and the Federal Tax Service of Russia.